Durant High School Journalism

A Weekend With Adamari

In this new video, see how Staff Writer Adamari Jaimez has fun on the weekends. Stay tuned for the next weekend with the PawPrint staff.

Durant Hockey Team Finishes a Great Season


Plant City Observer

The Durant hockey team makes it all the way to the Lightning High School Hockey League during the 2019-2020 season.

The Durant hockey team had an outstanding season led by Captain Christpoher “CJ” Comunale. They were also led by Alternate Captains: Michael Romeo, a junior at Durant High School, Jordan Putnam, and Xander Wise, both juniors at Strawberry Crest High School. 

With Comunale being injured at the beginning of the season due to an injury, he only played 13 games. Yet, the team stepped up to make it all the way to the second round of the playoffs.

Durant has two goalies. Ryan Putnam, a freshman at Strawberry Crest High School, who was one of the best goalies in the league. He ended the regular season with a record of 8 wins, 3 losses, and 3 ties. Will Chabalowski, a sophomore at Brandon Academy, also had a great season with a regular season record of 4 wins, 1 loss, and 3 ties.

Durant’s top scorer was Jordan Putnam. He ended with 21 goals and 16 assists. Rising star, Ethan Carstens, a freshman at Durant High School, ended with 13 goals and 13 assists. With Comunale back towards the end of the season, yet only playing 13 games, he had 8 goals and 13 assists. Durant also had very strong defense and will continue to improve their game

Durant faced Bloomingdale High School’s hockey team in their final game of the regular season and won the game by a final score of 3-1. Durant would end their 2019-20 season with a record of 12 wins, 4 losses, and 6 ties.

Durant would then go on to the first round of the playoffs and they would defeat Jesuit High School 6-3. The goals in the game for Durant came from CJ Comunale, Michael Hemmeke, Colin Smargon, Xander Wise, Ethan Carstens, and Robert Noble.

 Durant went on to the division finals to face Jenkins High School. Durant would fall behind 4-1 entering the third period. Yet, the team would not go down without a fight. Durant would score four goals in the final period. Jenkins would win the game 7-5 going all the way to the Lightning High School Hockey League finals to face Seminole High School. 

Durant’s season did not end there. Durant went on to the 2020 SAHOF States tournament, a three day tournament for tier one and tier two teams that made the playoffs. Durant played a total of three games in two days. 

They then played  Boca Raton High School and Durant won the game, 8-2. The next day, Feb. 23, 2020, Durant lost to Miami-Dade High School 5-0 but later that day they were  eliminated from the tournament by Southwest Broward losing in a shootout, 4-3.

Durant had a great season and we wish them the best of luck for the next season.

Award Season Begins with the 62nd Grammy Awards

With 15 Grammys, Alicia Keys took the stage to host the Grammys for thee second time, her first time being in 2019.

With 15 Grammys, Alicia Keys took the stage to host the Grammys for thee second time, her first time being in 2019.

Musical artists came together on January 26, 2020 for the 62nd annual Grammy Awards, at the Staples Center, to celebrate their achievements in the music industry. There were many highlights of the award show, but the one that stood out at the Grammys was the musical tributes to the late basketball star, Kobe Bryant, who was killed in a helicopter accident along with his daughter earlier that day.

To kick off the show, pop singer, Lizzo, dedicated her performance and the show to Kobe Bryant. Not only did Lizzo recognize Kobe Bryant in her performance, but so did Alicia Keys.

The host of the 62nd Grammy Awards, Alicia Keys, sang along beside Boyz II Men to sing “It’s So Hard to Say Goodbye to Yesterday,” to honor Kobe Bryant and his daughter. By doing this, the singers and the audience rooted the memory of Kobe Bryant into the awards ceremony that night. Even through this sad time, Alicia Keys was still able to set the stage for the show to start. 

The night was filled with jaw dropping performances from many artists such as Camila Cabello, Aerosmith, and Arianna Grande. Beyond these performances, artist collaboration created some amazing performances at the Grammys. For example, Lil Nas X performed his hit single “Old Town Road” with Mason Ramsey, Billy Ray Cyrus, and the K-pop boy band group, BTS.

This seems like an odd collaboration on paper, but in reality, they are all outstanding together on stage. Even singers from extremely different genres performed together to make outstanding songs for the show. For example, Blake Shelton and Gwen Stefani collaborated together to sing their new single, “Nobody But You,” at the Grammys.

Many artists decided to sing their most successful hits that have already debuted, but several other performers chose to bring brand new songs to the table. Singers like Demi Lovato and the Jonas Brothers introduced a variety of new singles at the Grammys.

While the Grammys were chock-full of fantastic performances, it would not be the Grammys without the actual awards themselves. There were many categories at the Grammys such as Best Music Video, Best Pop Duo/Group Performance, Best Pop Solo Performance, and so many more.

With all of these categories, there are mainly four that are not specific to one single genre: Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best New Artist. This year all four of these categories had the same winner, Billie Eilish.

This successful singer is only 18 years old, and has already blown away her competition at her first Grammy Awards with winning all of these categories and more. Billie Eilish was not the only winner of the night though; there were lots of winners throughout the whole night including Lizzo, Dan + Shay, Willie Nelson, and so many more. 

The 62nd annual Grammy Awards were jam packed with awards, celebrities, and most importantly music. With the success of this year’s Grammy Awards, there is no doubt that next year will be even better than ever. 

About the Writer
Photo of Mattie Powers
Mattie Powers, Staff Writer

Mattie Powers is a senior at Durant High School and a Staff Writer for the PawPrint newspaper. Not only is Mattie Powers involved in the PawPrint, but...

Alex Trebek Raises Awareness for Pancreatic Cancer


Fox News

Despite diagnosis, Trebek remains in high spirits. He even ha high hopes for the next Jeopardy host when the time comes.

Alex Trebek has been a beloved game show host on ‘Jeopardy!’ for over 30 years and has contributed greatly to the popularity of the game show. He not only brings his personality to the show, but he also brings his diligence.  Sadly, Trebek was diagnosed with stage 4, pancreatic cancer just last year in March of 2019, but that has not stopped him from giving his all to the show.

Trebek has expressed through the show about his pancreatic cancer and its awareness. Alex Trebek has received a tremendous response from viewers since his announcement. He has received emails, fan mail, gifts, and much more from his loving fans all sending him love, thoughts, and prayers.

During a recent episode of ‘Jeopardy!’, the players were in the Final Jeopardy round with the category of Famous Phrases; one of the players, Dhruv Gaur, wrote “What is we ‘love’ you Alex,” as his answer.

This expression of admiration and appreciation left Trebek choked up and emotional.  Not only are viewers showing their love and support for Alex Trebek, but the contestants are as well. The host of ‘Jeopardy!’ has even been saving the lives of others.

On the show, Alex Trebek teamed up with the World Pancreatic Cancer Coalition to spread awareness about this awful disease. Trebek decided to use his platform to express some of the signs of this disease to look for if there is someone out there experiencing the same thing. Some of the signs are: unintentional weight loss, upper abdomen pain, lower back pain, and a few more symptoms.

The host recieved one letter in particular that expressed gratitude toward Trebek raising awareness of his cancer. After hearing Alex Trebek explain some of the signs of pancreatic cancer, this particular fan had a family member experiencing the same things and decided to see a professional about it.

The fan’s family member did end up having stage 1 pancreatic cancer, and it was determined to be treatable. Through Alex Trebek’s recognition of the disease, he ended up saving that person’s life. Even with this unfortunate illness, Trebek has decided to take this negative situation and turn it around into a positive circumstance.

Even with his unfortunate disease, Alex Trebek has not let it tear him down. Instead he displays determination and still shows up to work at 6:00 am, every morning to start his job as host of ‘Jeopardy!’. While taping the show and during commercial breaks, as a host, Trebek likes to talk to the audience and answer their questions to show a little of his personality.

Trebek statedPan that he plans to continue hosting ‘Jeopardy!’,  “as long as my skills have not diminished,” (abcnews.go.com). 

Trebek has captured viewers’ hearts with his determination, personality, and humility. “The show is the most important thing, and the contestants. The host is important, but in a third stage only,” Alex Trebek stated in an interview with Business Insider.

Trebek sells himself short, but everyone knows that the heart of ‘Jeopardy!’ is its host, Alex Trebek.

About the Writer
Photo of Mattie Powers
Mattie Powers, Staff Writer

Mattie Powers is a senior at Durant High School and a Staff Writer for the PawPrint newspaper. Not only is Mattie Powers involved in the PawPrint, but...

Sherman Wins Advisor of the Year

Sherman poses with her award. She was grateful to recieve the honor.

Durant FBLA

Sherman poses with her award. She was grateful to recieve the honor.

On Wednesday January 22, the Durant high school’s Future Business Leaders of America, FBLA, club attended their yearly District Leadership Conference. This event is attended by all FBLA middle school and high school level chapters in District 9.

During the event the students participate in games, elect officers for their district, and announce who placed in the different competitive events. Twenty-four students in the club placed either first, second, or third in their events or competitions and will move on to states. 

Sherman, the club sponsor and advisor for Durant High School, was announced as “Advisor of the Year” for District 9. This information was announced during the awards portion of the event. Her first reaction when she received the award was,

“I was absolutely shocked, I had no idea I was going to be selected as the Advisor of the Year, and I think I turned bright red”.

Due to her job as a business teacher, she was already linked to the club when she began her job here at Durant, however, it was during her second year when she became an advisor to the club. Her role as advisor includes responsibilities such as making sure dues are payed on time, making sure club officers complete task in a timely manner, registering members for different events, organizing field trips, and making sure students are properly prepared for their competition or event.

Sherman came to Durant in 2017. Before working as a business teacher, she worked for the “Paralyzed Veterans of America” in California. This is a veterans’ service organization that was founded in the United States in 1946.

Looking back, Sherman describes one of her favorite FBLA memories being when she attended her first year with the team at states. On the last night of the event, the students all surprised her with meaningful gifts as a way of saying thank you to their new advisor. One particular gift that really touched Sherman was a stuffed banana, a reminder of the banana splits the team had shared the night before. Sherman believed the gift was a meaningful gesture.

Not only is the club a fun way to get involved, but Sherman also talks about how FBLA has benefitted her teaching career as well.  She explains it as a way to help connect the stuff she teaches in her classes to the outside world. She also explained in an interview how students who are serious about the club can carry on to the collegiate version of FBLA.

The title of “Advisor of the Year” has helped Sherman realize that the work she puts into the club is impacting so many more people than just her students. It helps her understand that her hard work is being recognized and appreciated on a higher level.

The students who placed in the districts will move on to the State Leadership Conference which will be taking place in Orlando in March.

About the Writer
Photo of Faith Miller
Faith Miller, Staff Writer

Faith Miller is a senior at Durant High School and is a Staff Writer for the Durant PawPrint. This year will be her fourth season on the varsity Durant...

Understanding the Simulation Conspiracy

The Simulation Theory gained popularity as humans began to create virtual reality.

The Simulation Theory gained popularity as humans began to create virtual reality.

The Simulation Conspiracy is the theory that everything, including the universe, the planets, and basically everything that is known to exist is the result of a simulation created by an alter (or greater) life form. In other words, our world was created with the intent to be studied by something greater than humans.

Over the past few decades, this philosophic concept exploded in the scientific community, as it was previously thought to be nothing more than sci-fi fantasy. Several films have explored the theory of human existence, for example, the 1998 movie, “The Truman Show”. The film fed into the conspiracy when the protagonist, Truman Burbank (Jim Carrey), was unknowingly part of a world-famous television show, The Truman Show. The show revolved around Truman, where every event in his life was scripted and planned by the show, until he ultimately discovers the truth about his existence. Truman’s life was nothing more than a simulation created with the purpose of entertaining a greater force, in this case the world.

In 2003, philosopher Nick Bostrom suggested the idea that our “reality” may be part of a simulation from an alternate life form. Like any experiment, subjects must be present in order to conduct a study, and in this case, the idea is that humans are the subjects. “If people eventually develop simulation technology — no matter how long that takes — and if they’re interested in creating simulations of their ancestors, then simulated people with experiences just like ours will vastly outnumber unsimulated people”, says Bostrom.

He supported the idea by bringing up the thought that humans are already mocking such a simulation, through video games, computer-simulated virtual realities, and even roller coasters. In 2016, Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla and SpaceX, explained that video games can easily be related to the theory by comparing human-made simulations to the one that we are almost inevitably living. “The odds that we’re in base reality is one in billions”, Musk states, ultimately suggesting that the odds that we are not in simulation is almost impossible.

According to the New York Times, physicists from the University of Washington have recently proposed experiments to test the theory and ultimately confirm whether the conspiracy is true. Basing their ideas off Bostrom, they have come up with an experiment that would answer that would disprove nearly every previous theory to the start of human life. “Some of today’s computer simulations of our cosmos produce distinctive anomalies — for example, there are telltale glitches in the behavior of simulated cosmic rays. By taking a closer look at the cosmic rays in our universe, the physicists suggested, we might detect comparable anomalies, providing evidence that we live in a simulation”, says philosophy professor Preston Greene (New York Times).

While the idea of testing the theory seems plausible, it will most likely never be tested- and that’s a good thing. According to experts, if you relate the idea of the Simulation Conspiracy to a simulation that humans would conduct, the result is simple. Theoretically, to uncover the truth, would be equivalent to ruining the simulation, thus ending the experiment. “If we were to prove that we live inside a simulation, this could cause our creators to terminate the simulation”, says Greene.

There are certain philosophical questions that humans may never be able to get answered, for example, the meaning of life or who ultimately created it. The Simulation Theory may seem to be a stretch, but the idea behind it provides an interesting insight to what we, as humans, have been questioning all throughout history.

About the Writer
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Meghan Dulay, Editor-in-Chief of Design

Meghan Dulay is a senior at Durant High School and she is Editor-in-Chief of Design for the PawPrint newspaper. Meghan is part of many other clubs at Durant,...

Netflix Navarro’s Cheer Essence

Cheer was uploaded to Netflix on January 8, 2020. Fans are already eager for a season two.

Madeline Hull

Cheer was uploaded to Netflix on January 8, 2020. Fans are already eager for a season two.

The show “Cheer” was added to Netflix in 2020, many cheerleaders have become fans and are hoping for a second season after the first season unlike “Cheer Squad”.  

“Cheer Squad” was released in 2016Netflix released one season of the show and it was discontinued soon after. Many fans were disappointed to see that the show was cancelled after forming attachments to the athletes throughout the seasonThe viewers consisted mostly of cheerleaders, coaches, and parents that have kids involved or wanting to be involved in the sport. They were able to relate closely with the athletes while they improve on their skills during practice and competitions. Being able to see how the team handled tough practices and how they were able to bond with their coaches and teammates to work together. 

The new series “Cheer” captures Navarro’s college cheer team during practices, school functions, and competitions. It shows how the athletes keep up with cheer and college studies but also largely capitalizes how hard each athlete trainand dedicatethemselves to being part of this incredible team. Navarro cheer holds the title of 2019 NCA national champions along with more awards from years past. NCA is their biggest competition, which is held oceanside in Daytona Beach, which the series spotlights the team preparing for as the season continues. 

The Navarro team consists of fourteen female athletes and twenty-four males that represent their school as fellow Bulldogs. Their co-ed team has become very wellknown as a big part of the community in Corsicana, Texas. Many of the athletes have helped around Corsicana to raise money for funding and good causes relevant to their community. 

Navarro’s head coach Monica Aldama has been coaching the cheerleading team for twenty-four years and has made a huge difference in the standard at Navarro. She has turned the college cheer team in a gold standard for the cheer world. Aldama has become the icon of cheer coaches throughout many other cheer gyms. She holds her athletes to a much higher standard then the rest of Navarro students. As seen in the series she has pushed her athletes to be the best and has trained them with laborious conditioning to stay in shape and can carry out such difficult routines. With thousands of people watching Navarro they have extremely high expectations to uphold. 

She not only has made a difference in the cheer world but in her athletes as well. The producers of “Cheer” have included highlights on how much she cares and helps her cheerleaders through there rough spots or pasts. Many times, on the show they have shown the cheerleaders past before they tried out for Navarro and how many of them have gone through hard past before they met Monica, who has helped them grow form what they went through. As a coach she steps up for them and creates a safe place, she makes sure her athletes grow in confidence and make better decisions with the help of the coaches and teammates. 

Viewers have created on screen bonds with many of the athletes and expect for Netflix to continue with the series. Many of the scenarios that have been included in the episodes have created a way to connect with other cheerleaders through personal experiences and sports opportunities while creating role models through the show.  

About the Writer
Photo of Marina Hawkins
Marina Hawkins, Social Media Coordinator, Photo Editor

Marina Hawkins is a junior at Durant and is the Photo Editor and the Social Media Coordinator for the PawPrint newspaper. She is also part of the Varsity...

New Year New Content

PawPrint with Nick and Mason

With a new year, comes new content from PawPrint with Nick and Mason, Check it out on Youtube with this new video and subscribe for more interesting videos from Nick and Mason.


About the Contributors
Photo of Nick Travis
Nick Travis, Staff Writer

Nick Travis is a sophomore at Durant High School and one of the Staff Writers for the PawPrint. He has an outgoing and creative personality. When isn't...

Photo of Mason Gourley
Mason Gourley, Staff Writer

Mason is a sophomore at Durant High School. He is a Staff Writer for the PawPrint Newspaper. He is a fan of the Chicago Cubs baseball team. He writes about...

Legal Buying Age of Tobacco Increases

Similarly to smoking, vaping has proven to produce dangerous side effects, causing legislators to take action.


Similarly to smoking, vaping has proven to produce dangerous side effects, causing legislators to take action.

In September of 2019, President Trump stated that the Food and Drug Administration planned to take any e-cigarette that were not designed to taste like tobacco off the market. Vaping products are marketed towards teens. Companies like Juul and R.J. Reynolds Vapor Co., make a variety flavors to make it seem like teens are not smoking dangerous chemicals rather just a flavorful smoke.

These products are much worse than cigarettes. The different flavors that the vaping companies offer are derived from Vitamin E which is not safe to inhale. These kind of oils in the lungs can cause a sticky honey like substance in the lungs. Some may say that Vitamin E can be good for the body because there are creams and supplements, but when it is heated and inhaled it creates a bubbling effect in the lungs that burns the lungs and could cause an explosion in the lungs.

On January 1, 2020, a new bill named, Tobacco to 21 Act, was passed. This new bill raised the minimum buying age of tobacco and vaping products from 18 to 21.

Over the past two years, teen vaping has increased drastically. In 2017, nine percent of seniors in high school were vaping, while in 2019, the percentage went up to 37. Federal legislation has been making it harder for teens to buy cigarettes and vaping products.

19 states and 500 cities had already raised the minimum buying age of these tobacco products to 21. Raising the minimum buying age could lead to a reduction of potentially 223,000 deaths. Approximately 1,300 of teens are killed every day due tobacco products.  

On the other hand, some say that raising the age limit on tobacco is pointless. They argue smoking has been on a decline already because of the extra taxes that are put on cigarettes and vaping products as well as, an increase in non-smoking areas. Already the percent of smokers has gone down from 25 percent in 1997 to 18 percent in 2013. The rate of smoking has gone down, but that doesn’t mean the smoking epidemic that is going among the youth is going down. 

Raising the age will cause the vaping and tobacco among teens to significantly go down because students do not have easy access to these products, like before. When the legal age was at 18, it was easy for teens under 18 to gain access to these products because older friends would buy vaping and tobacco products for them. This means that high school students would be safer because with this restricted access. 

Tobacco and vaping products effect the blood, throat, colon, kidney, stomach, lung, bladder, mouth, and liver. There are about 7,000 chemicals in tobacco and vaping products, and about 4,000 chemicals in smokeless tobacco. The raising of the age limit on tobacco and vaping products will reduce death and lung issues. The buying age for tobacco has gone up and that means that the new generation would be safer from all of the health problems caused by vaping and tobacco products. 

About the Writer
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Jayleen Nunez, Staff Writer

Jayleen Nunez is a junior at Durant High School and is a Staff Writer for the PawPrint. When she isn't writing for the PawPrint, she participates in Mindfulness...

Australia fires continue despite relief efforts


Rick Rycraft

The Austrailian fires burned violently for several days, although the conditions have improved, more work needs to be done.

After the recent rain and decrease in temperature, attention towards Australia has died down, but it is still an important issue. These fires are still burning and continue to harm the animals and the people who live there. Almost half a billion animals have died and according to the Wall Street Journal, 26 people have died in the fires and many more have had to be relocated. However, many people and organizations, are pooling their resources to try and help as much as possible.

The Australian Red Cross is one of these organizations. The organization has sent teams across the country to help with evacuation and relief. Some of these stations include New South Wales, Victoria, and many more throughout South and Western Australia providing food, water, hygiene products, pet supplies, and much more. In some areas, mainly South Australia, the are psychological first aid for those who need it.

The Red Cross has also set up a way to provide grants to families whose main place of residence has been destroyed. The donations to the organization, are being used for helping people who have been affected. The website declares that all money and funds donated to Disaster Relief and Recovery from July 2019 solely be used towards the work to help those in Australia.

Some ways to help are happening right here in the states. Owen Colley is a 6 year-old boy who uses his connection to Australia to inspire him to help.  Colley is from Hingham, Massachusetts and when he heard about the fires that were happening, it hit home for him. His father, Simon Colley, is from Australia. According to CNN, Colley and his parents worked together to come up with a way to raise money for those affected. Owen began making clay koalas to give to people who would donate to the cause. People who donate $50 or more receive a little clay koala Colley made himself.

All proceeds go towards Wildlife Rescue South Coast, a wildlife rescue in New South Wales. They began with a fundraising goal of 1,000. However, as of Thursday, January 16th, they have raised 100,000 dollars. The family is looking into more ways to donate to other organizations in the country of Australia.

Many people are also coming together to try and rescue the animals still in harms way. One group put their effort towards Kangaroo Island. According to the Los Angeles Times, the 1,700-square-mile island is not only a popular tourist attraction, but also a wildlife preserve to multiple species.

It is run by Sam Mitchell and his wife Dana. With the fires overrunning almost half of the island, they are trying to save as many animals as possible. According to BBC, Mitchell and his team have set up makeshift clinics on a area of the outside grounds with volunteers trying to save as many animals as possible.

The injured koalas are brought in daily, some too badly injured to be saved. The park is running entirely on generators because the fires have destroyed the power lines. The clinic has run out of space for all the animals they are trying to treat so they are having to create alternative housing, like laundry baskets, to hold the koalas. Mitchell and his family have also started a GoFundMe campaign to help their efforts in saving the animals that live here. “[We want] to get them back to where they want to be – and that’s back in the trees.”

Many volunteers are still trying to do the best possible for these koalas.

Even though it has began to rain, many more fires are still happening. There are multiple places online to donate to organizations trying to make a positive impact on a bad situation. The dry season isn’t over and many worry there is worse to come. For more information on how to make an impact please contact the Durant Pawprint.

About the Writer
Photo of Faith Miller
Faith Miller, Staff Writer

Faith Miller is a senior at Durant High School and is a Staff Writer for the Durant PawPrint. This year will be her fourth season on the varsity Durant...

Researchers use ancient DNA to examine life during the Stone Age

An artist created an interpretation of what

Tom Björklund

An artist created an interpretation of what "Lola" may have looked like.

In recent weeks, researchers were able to design a face to match the human DNA found in a 5,700-year-old piece of “gum”.

“Lola”, researchers call her, was an ancient human-gatherer that lived on a small island in the Baltic Sea around 3,700 B.C. Using the DNA found in a small piece of tar, researchers were able to construct a picture of what this human may have looked like. Because their findings are based solely off what her DNA provides, researchers cannot confirm some specific pieces of information, such as how, when, or why she died. However, the DNA of the girl provides majority of her biological footprint; therefore, this discovery is groundbreaking, and provides an abundance of new information as to what human life may have been like during the Stone Age. In this case, Lola’s DNA was found in blobs of birch pitch (tar) after human teeth-marks had been discovered on the ancient “gum”.

While the birch pitch is not the same gum in today’s world, excavated artifacts show that ancient hunters and gatherers put together spears or arrows by heating the birch and using it to hold together stone blades and handles. “Due to the antiseptic nature of birch bark, it may have also had medicinal properties,” (National Geographic).

Like several popular ancestry-tracing companies, DNA found in saliva provides an array of information about a person and their genome. From the specimen, researchers used her DNA to utilize her oral microbiome, and determine some characteristics of her health, including her diet and some of her physical features. Her DNA suggests the ancient European girl had a diet that consisted of ducks and hazelnuts, and that she was likely to have physical characteristics that resembled many of that time, such as blue eyes and dark skin.

The girl’s DNA also provides insight that she may have been lactose-intolerant, and possibly suffered from gum disease. From National Geographic: “Her genome also reveals that she was lactose intolerant, which supports the theory that European populations developed the ability to digest lactose as they began to consume milk product from domesticated animals.”

While these artifacts had been long discovered, never had they been used to provide information about a specific person. “Non-human material” has never been used to construct the face of an ancient person, so this discovery is particularly remarkable, and suggests that this method of research can be used to visualize other ancient specimens.

“This is the first time we have the complete ancient human genome from anything other than [human] bone, and that in itself is quite remarkable,” says Hannes Schroeder, an associate professor of evolutionary genomics at the University of Copenhagen’s Globe Institute and a co-author of the study published in Nature Communications.

“They would look at this crummy little piece of fiber, and I would say the museum has curated this for over a hundred years. And nobody could figure out why we had bothered to save this little thing. Then I’d say we got human DNA out of it, and their eyes would just go wow”, says archaeologist Steven LeBlanc, former director of collections at Harvard’s Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology.

About the Writer
Photo of Meghan Dulay
Meghan Dulay, Editor-in-Chief of Design

Meghan Dulay is a senior at Durant High School and she is Editor-in-Chief of Design for the PawPrint newspaper. Meghan is part of many other clubs at Durant,...

Cell phones have a variety of potential dangers


Washington Post

X-Ray showing bone spur growing on back of head, one of the negative effects of excessive cellphone usage.

Each day people across the world consistently check their cell phones, looking at a variety of notifications. Many may not realize how much their cell phones affect them. Recent studies are beginning to show how bone spur development can be an effect of cell phone use.

According to the Washington Post, research done by the University of the Sunshine Coast in Queensland, Australia proposes a new hypothesis that due to the constant use of cell phones and other hand-held devices, a new bone spur, or “horn”, is developing from the skull of young people. The researchers in charge of the study are David Shahar, a chiropractor who recently completed a PhD in biomechanics at Sunshine Coast, and his supervisor, Mark Sayers, an associate professor of biomechanics at Sunshine Coast.

The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports. Bone spurs are caused by when inflammation damages cartilage that is used to cushion joints and the body attempts to rebuild by growing more bone. One main cause is when humans perform repetitive motions, like consistently looking down at a phone. By doing this for multiple hours a day, bone spurs begin to grow.

This is not the first physical effect of cell phone use on the body. According to ABC News, Margot Miller, a physical therapist and president of Occupational Health Section of the Orthopedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association, states that the reason for “texting thumb” is  “they are really repetitive stress injuries – pain, numbness, discomfort in the base of the thumbs from overuse.”

By consistently using thumbs to send messages and control a phone, symptoms like “texting thumb” may occur.

Another negative aspect of cell phone use is the constant distraction that they cause. According to NBC News’ article “Cell phone-related head and neck injuries on the rise,” a study published by JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery observed reports from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, looking for injuries and reports related to cell phones.

The authors estimated that based on the reports these kinds of issues were rare until 2007, when the first iPhone was released to the public and injury reports began to rise. The article states that users ages 13 to 29 were about 40 percent of those whose injuries were caused by cell phone distraction. The injuries caused ranged from people falling due to texting while walking, to being hit in the face when their device slipped. The author Dr. Boris Paskhover suggest that a way to help this problem is for people to stop allowing phones to be a distraction and focus on what they are doing.

The harmful effects of cell phone use while driving goes past looking at text. According to ABC News, research at Carnegie Mellon University showed that by studying brain waves, they were able to find that listening to a conversation while driving reduces brain activity designated to driving by 37 percent.

The article suggests that in May 2008 a survey done by Nationwide Insurance Poll displayed that over 40 percent of people surveyed stated they have either been hit or almost hit by another driver talking on a cell phone. This is part of the reason many states, including Florida, have required Hands-Free drivers. As of January 1, Florida officers are to issue tickets to any drivers using their phone, without a warning. The fee is $30, but is doubled in school zones.

People spend hours on end each day looking at cell phones, but don’t realize what effects it could be causing on their bodies. As people become more aware, they will be able to protect themselves from these and many more issues.

About the Writer
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Faith Miller, Staff Writer

Faith Miller is a senior at Durant High School and is a Staff Writer for the Durant PawPrint. This year will be her fourth season on the varsity Durant...

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